Vascular surgery is a medical specialty concerned with the surgical treatment of disorders affecting the blood vessels and lymphatic system (vascular diseases) of the body, excluding the blood vessels of the heart. The incidence of vascular diseases increases with advancing age. Factors associated with an increased risk of vascular diseases include family history, advancing age, smoking, obesity, pregnancy, injury, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes, lack of physical activity and prolonged periods of sitting or standing still.
Vascular surgery is usually recommended when nonsurgical treatments fail to treat the diseases of the vascular system. Vascular surgery is often performed to improve blood circulation to an area of the body where the blood vessels have been damaged, following injury, disease or other conditions.
Vascular surgeons repair damaged or diseased blood vessels, reopen blocked arteries, and perform bypass surgery to bypass blood flow around narrowed or blocked arteries.
Vascular surgery involves a variety of procedures, which include: